Ozone for Natural Agriculture Water Treatment
Natural Agriculture water requirement is specific for the well maintenance of the project. Did you know that ozone contributes to excellent results in organic farming without chemicals & 100% Natural Agriculture?
In agriculture it is necessary to be careful with chemical contamination just as much as with a possible plague. Ozone is an excellent solution to agriculture water use, as it treats the water without chemicals.
How can ozone act in such an impactful way in agriculture? Scroll down and you’ll find your answer!
The agricultural industry demands large amounts of high-quality water. Ozone is an effective oxidizer used to disinfect drinking water supplies and treat industrial wastewater.
Rising global temperatures, increased drought periods, and a growing demand for water means that every drop of water gains a more significant value and every drop is valuable.
Because water is being recycled, concerns about disease, chemical contamination, water discharge, and leaching of nutrients to groundwater are growing, ozone relieves all of these concerns because it is a 100% natural agent, provides a barrier to prevent plant diseases, sanitizes recycled water and increases the productivity and crop yield.
How does it work?
The production of high quality vegetables requires high quality water in copious quantities. Increasing urbanization in many areas of agricultural production, increasing water demand and decreasing quality and quantity means that the agricultural industry preserves current and future water resources.
Contaminated water, when recycled, often ends up being applied to plants sensitive to plant growth regulators or otherwise applied where growth regulators are not intended to be used. In addition, contaminated water may be discharged off-site and have unintended downstream consequences.
Unlike chlorine, ozone is non-toxic and does not produce disinfection byproducts (DBP’s).
Once dissolved in water, ozone destroys the pathogens and then safely reverts back to oxygen. After being dissolved in water, it destroys the pathogens before returning to oxygen.
More plant pathogens are developing resistance to many traditional fungicides and growers are also seeing undesirable side effects on their plants from the application of chemicals.
Ozonization should be considered as part of an overall strategy to reduce plant pathogens in recirculated irrigation water with the concomitant risk of increased disease incidence and keep a natural agriculture.
In order to get a 100% natural agriculture, we need to make the ozonization process more efficient and profitable, factors such as the quality of recirculated irrigation water (levels of turbidity, composition and the presence or not of organic or inorganic constituents), water volume to be treated (large volumes of water will considerably increase the ozone generation requirements), as well as the physical characteristics of the area (terrain, layout of the plantations, etc.) should be considered.
The agricultural industry is now realizing the benefits of ozone. Farmers are now beginning to use ozone treatment to disinfect water (recycled or fresh) and ensure a natural agriculture.
Increasingly, stringent water policies are being developed that have led farmers to seek modern treatment alternatives with less impact on the environment.
Plant growth regulators during agricultural production are used to control the growth of plants and also to increase their yield, which in turn lead to the possibility of contamination of irrigation water with these plant growth regulating chemicals.
Some applications of ozonated water in natural agriculture:
Irrigation to kill bacteria and micro-organisms which damage the plant since its germination stage and the removal of molds, root rot and fungi;
Pretreatment (sterilization) of soils before sowing;
Immersion of soil pots in ozonated water for disinfection of cuttings;
Treatment of water used for irrigation in order to eliminate algae, heavy metals (such as iron and manganese) and related bacteria (eg. iron bacteria, mangano-bacteria, etc.) present in artificial basins and maximum reuse of water;
Greenhouse spraying for the reduction and elimination of insects and pests;
Washing of fruits and vegetables, to ensure maximum hygiene and prolongation of its freshness and shelf life after harvest;
And much more.
So we can say that irrigation of crops with ozonated water is beneficial because:
Protection against diseases that occur due to infections, without leaving harmful residues for human consumption and the environment, which dissolve in oxygen;
Promoting better plant growth, since irrigation with ozonated water provides a greater amount of oxygen, free of viruses, bacteria, fungi, algae, spores and other microorganisms;
It offers other advantages, as it allows a more voluminous and productive crop, obtained in a very short time, which means a huge saving in the amount of water used for irrigation and in the cost of fertilizers and additives, which are later used to promote faster growth;
Improves the appearance and flavor of the plants;
Allows cost reduction because it is produced on site, does not require consumables and has low maintenance costs, in addition to a very significant reduction in fertilizers, pesticides and other agents.
Ozone is a naturally produced gas that is commonly used as a sanitizing agent to help kill microorganisms in water.
Ozonated water has been used abroad in greenhouses, out-of-ground and in open field cultivations and, by now, it is increasingly used given the excellent results obtained without using chemical products.
Some tested and recognized ozone benefits on the natural agriculture are:
Ozone is easy to produce from air or oxygen;
Ozone dissolves 12 times more easily in water than oxygen;
Ozone is efficient in pathogens control (chlorination is an effective method of combating pathogens but its residual effects can harm plant life, ozone does not leave any residue);
Ozone does not produce more toxic compounds than removed ones, and neither introduces foreign matter to the medium, fact that chlorine does;
Ozone reacts readily with organic and inorganic compounds due to its high reduction potential and reactivity;
Along with disinfection, ozone also lowers the COD, color, odor and turbidity of the water treated;
Possible excesses of ozone in water decompose readily to oxygen, without leaving any residue;
The increase in oxygen means that many diseased plants are quick to recover and pathogens are also less likely to take hold of healthy plants;
Since ozone is a very powerful germicidal agent, it eliminates almost all infection-causing microorganisms and in return provides a better product in terms of volume, weight, size, strength, nutritional value and taste;
Ozone allows the destruction of soil contaminants such as:
VOCs (volatile organic compounds),
BTEX (Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylene),
MTBE (tertiary-butyl methyl ether),
among others. others;
Ozone is safe for plant nutrients;
Ozone is 100% Natural, so it is environmentally friendly and does not change the biological properties of the products and ensure a natural agriculture.
The spread of pests in agricultural fields is one of the major causes for the development of various diseases that lead to the loss of many plants and poor quality of the final product.
- Ozonized water for spraying the plants;
- Ozonized water for irrigation;
- Ozone gas to disinfect spaces.
One of the common factors for these problems is the quality of the soil and its poor drainage, in order to avoid this problem, the use of ozonated water in irrigation will not only oxygenate the soil but also eliminate bacteria, viruses, fungi or nematodes or other parasites who are housed there. Unlike other solutions to these problems, ozone does not change the pH of the water.
|Botrytis||Allii||Pathogenic fungus that mainly affects the shoots in the flowering phase, producing necrosis of the parts it affects and of extremely rapid reproduction that can lead to the total destruction of the plant, in addition to being harmful to human health.||Susceptible to Ozone|
|Cenerea||Fogging ozonized water at 3.8 mg/l for 2 minutes|
|Powdery mildew & Downy mildew||Pseudoperonospora cannabina||Common fungi, which can be confused and which manifest themselves in the form of white powder and which, if not controlled in time, can affect the sprouts which, in turn, cannot be consumed as they are harmful to human health.||Fogging ozonated water for a minimum of 2 minutes at concentrations of 0.7-1 ppm ozone|
|Fusarium Oxysporum||Lycopersici||Fungus with a great destructive potential that is generally transmitted to the plant through water, substrate, infected tools or cuttings.||1,1 mg/l for 10 minutes|
|Molonogea||99,99% destruction at 1.1 mg/l for 20 minutes|
|Phytophthora||Erythroseptica||Fungus, also known as popping root rot, usually appears due to excessive watering, poor drainage, and attack by small insects and other organisms that damage the roots and cause them to begin to rot.||Susceptible to Ozone through irrigation with ozonated water|
|Parasitic||3,8 mg/l for 2 minutes|
|Verticillium||Fungus that causes symptoms on the plant, like the Fusarium fungus, although it is less common. This fungus obstructs the plant's xylem, causing the flow of nutrients to be blocked and the plant not to receive food.||Susceptible to Ozone through irrigation with ozonated water|
|Sclerotinia||Rolfsii||Fungus that appears on plants as white cotton-like mycelium on the stems and spreads to the roots, causing the affected area to rot and the leaves to wither. Preventive measures such as cleaning and hygiene of the cultivation site, soils with good drainage and adequate ventilation help to avoid wounds on the plant that facilitate the penetration of the fungus.||Susceptible to Ozone through irrigation with ozonated water and disinfection of the space with ozone gas|
|Pythium||Ultimum||Parasitic fungus that penetrates the plant through the roots, seriously affecting its vascular system and preventing the plant from receiving food properly.||Susceptible to Ozone through irrigation with ozonated wate|
|Alternaria||Solani||Common fungus that is found in the environment and that affects plants, as its spores are carried by the wind and proliferate in decomposing remains.||Susceptible to Ozone through irrigation with ozonated wate|
EMMANUEL I. EPELLE, ANDREW MACFARLANE, MICHAEL CUSACK, ANTHONY BURNS, JUDE A. OKOLIE, WILLIAM MACKAY, MOSTAFA RATEB, MOHAMMED YASEEN | February 15th | Ozone application in different industries: A review of recent developments
GOVINDARAJ DEV KUMAR, SADHANA RAVISHANKAR | April | Ozonized water with plant antimicrobials: An effective method to inactivate Salmonella enterica on iceberg lettuce in the produce wash water
ZHENGHONG GUO, ZUOMING WANG, YINGDONG LI, QUANXI WANG | March | Effect of Different Concentrations of Ozone on in Vitro Plant Pathogens Development, Tomato Yield and Quality, Photosynthetic Activity and Enzymatic Activities
MARCO REMONDINO, LUIGI VALDENASSI | December 14th | Different Uses of Ozone: Environmental and Corporate Sustainability. Literature Review and Case Study
FAN ZHU | October 30th | Effect of ozone treatment on the quality of grain products
JIANFEI LIU | September 25th | Soil remediation using soil washing followed by ozone oxidation
MARCO REMONDINO | September 18th | The use of ozone as a driver for economic and environmental sustainable development
PENG YANG, YAN-ZHI GUO, LING QIU | March | Effects of ozone-treated domestic sludge on hydroponic lettuce growth and nutrition
JENNIFER B. LANDESMANN, PEDRO E. GUNDEL, M. ALEJANDRA MARTÍNEZ-GHERSA, CLAUDIO M. GHERSA | September 26th | Ozone Exposure of a Weed Community Produces Adaptive Changes in Seed Populations of Spergula arvensis
HARRIET JARLETT, from PlanetEarth Online | May 29th | Ozone can protect fruit from decay for weeks after exposure, study finds
A. RODRÍGUEZ, ROBERTO ROSAL, JOSE A. PERDÍGON-MELÓN, M. MEZCUA, ANA AGÜERA & ALL | July | Ozone-Based Technologies in Water and Wastewater Treatment
LE VAN VIET MAN, TRAN QUOC HUY | May 29th | Study on prolongation of watermelon fresh-cut shelf-life by ozone treatment
MARCO DERUDI, GIANLUCA VENTURINI, GIORGIO LOMBARDI, GIUSEPPE NANO, RENATO ROTA | November-December | Biodegradation combined with ozone for the remediation of contaminated soils
GARRY VERNON McDONALD | May | Ozone (O3) Efficacy on Reduction of Phytophthora capsici in Recirculated Horticultural Irrigation Water
US FDA (Food and Drug Administration – Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition) | April 13th | Guidance for Industry – Guide to Minimize Microbial Food Safety Hazards for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
ITALY – Health Ministry | Scientific Validations of Ozone Use
FOOD SAFETY MAGAZINE | Recent Ozone Applications in Food Processing and Sanitation